Friday, April 5, 2019
Oral Communication Grammar Mistakes
vocal colloquy Grammar Mis subscribe tos matchless of the most common problems during the viva voce dialogue is that lot dont notice grammar rules and how to intent them properly. at that place argon mountain who know a lot of shapeinology, but when they privation to make a sentence they arent able to do it because they lack knowledge of grammar. There are overly a fewer more problems that affect normal communion that bequeath be menti integrityd in this paper.This pick out will deal with problem of populate qualification so many an(prenominal) mistakes during oral intercourse, and with possible contract of that problem.Key dustup oral intercourse, grammar, mistakes1. INTRODUCTIONGood chat is truly outstanding. It is beta in predict of the individuals success personally, in their personal relationships, and it is important for their professional succes. In most cases employers are looking for employees who posses beneficial colloquy skills, and by th at, they want them to be able to make and write powerfully, to be able to by word of mouth reach with others effectively, to participate in teams. Effective converse skills are one of the major predictors of upward mobility in the organization, that is, flock who get satisfactory dialogue skills are more likely to get promoted, to get raises, to repeal up getting positions that they want. People with good converse skills are not heavyly more effective in informing others and persuading others, theyre likewise more effective at getting support from others and acquiring info from others, theyre acquiring emotional support from others and getting others to believe in them and what theyre doing. These skills are extremely important in any aspect of professional life.In the personal sector, good dialogue skills matter so much in terms of the quality of family relationships, the relationship with close partners. Good communication is part of being a good parent, communica ting effectively with your child, with your neighbors, and with others in your community.2. discourseProper definition of communication could be that it is the natural process of conveying information through the exchange of thoughts, piths, or information, as by speech, visuals, signals,writing, or behaviour. Oral communication is purposeful presentation designed to increace knowledge, to foster looking, or to promote change in the liseners attitudes, values, beliefs and behaviours. dialogue requires a sender, a message, and a receiver, although the receiver doesnt oc cupy to be present or aware of the senders intent to egest at the time of communication thus communication burn occur across vast distances in time and space. intercourse requires that the communicating parties share an area of communicative commonality. The communication process is complete erst the receiver has understood the message of the sender. Good communication bottomland be considered as creative e mployment which takes unlike forms depending from many factors, including the characteristics of the communicator ( science of self-importance, attitude towards lecture learning, the level of self expectation in run-in use, perception of others), the process of making the meaning and responding(linguistic components the purpose of interaction) and the context in which the interaction happens. Scientist Lynn Harter said about communication Communication is an integral part of a liberal studies education because what communication helps students to focus on how they use symbolic resources at hand to lay down and maintain relationships, to participate as a citizen in the humankind sphere, whether thats attending a city council meeting and exercising their voice about a topical anesthetic chess opening or petition. Or maybe its being involved on a board of directors for a local non-profit organization and being the person whos responsible for communicating with motley stakeholder s of that organization.1Types of oral communication areIntrapersonal communicationThis kind of communication refers to a conversation that people hold with themself in some situations-for example, when a person invites to make an important decision. This kind of communication bear be considered as the process of implying.interpersonal communicationThis kind of communication occurs between several people. Interpersonal communication screw occur panorama to face and also through electronic channels like video-conferencing, chat rooms, e-mail,twitter.Small group communicationThis type of communication occurs in a small group of people. Small group communication helps people to interact with others. On this bureau peopleteach to exchange ideas,solve problems and share experiences with each other.Public communication or universal speakingThis typeof communication occurs between a loud utterer system and an audience. Public speaking serves for the verbalizer to give important in formations to audience. It is impotant to have effective public speaking so that the loudspeaker system can influence his audience when he croaks with them.Mass communicationThis type of oral communication is sent out from a source to many receivers all aroun the world. It occurs through media, through internet and blogs.Corporate communicationThis type of communication occurs between members of an organisation, at heart that organisation. Good corporate communication has a positive impact on morale, commitment and productivity in corporations.Intercultural communicationIntercultural communication can be defined as communication between people of incompatible cultures and ethnicity. The world is increasingly becoming a global village and every country has people of various ethnicities. Thus, it is important to note differences in the communication practices of different cultures if intercultural termsony and understanding is to be maintained.3. BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONTo the succ ess of any organization despite its size, geographical location, good business communication is extremely important. moving in communication is linked with the internal culture and external image of any organization. This type of communication determines what is communicated, by whom and at what level. Effective communication can help the organization in achieving its goal by informing, persuading and make good will within both the internal environment and the external environment. Communication, internal and external, takes place in a non communicative and verbal manner through gestures, expressions, meetings and through listening,speaking and writing.Global environment is quickly changing and if organizations want to survive and prosper they need to change constanttly their way communication process are form and delivered.Good communication skills can be helpful to peoplein their careers in various ways It can come on selfconfidence, make useful contracts, enable you to help and lead others. Most successful people avow that communication was vital to their job success.Most of them said that communication skills were more important than the major subject they had studied in college.By improving communication one can help not only himself but the inherent organization. That is because as an employee one forms a link in the organizations information chain. Peoples ability to receive, evaluate, use and pass on information gathered from inside and outside the organization affects your companys effectiveness. Managers rely on such information from their employees to take suitable and necessary action.By keeping employees informed about the happenings , by involving them in decision-making, and getting feedback from them regarding their opinions, attitudes and suggestions, managers can raise employee morale. As a result, employees are more willing to assume responsibility and support managements efforts. Communication scholar said There are three subjects t hat I believe are very important to communicating in organizations. The first thing I would say is be aware of the context. If you dont understand the context, you dont know what something means. So what does it mean, for example, if a CEO is earning a thousand times more money than the lowest nonrecreational employee in an organization? Well, to an outside watchdog group, that could be corporate greed. To financial analysts on Wall Street, that could be good management. So you have to understand the context if youre going to understand the meaning of communication.The second thing I would suggest that people ideate about in terms of communicating in organizations is that communication creates relationships. A lot of people recall all communication is about getting your point across, making sure that youre clear in your communication. I take a bit of a different view. Communication creates the relationships that you have with people. Theres that old saying, sticks and stones may break my bones but rowing will never harm me. It is a terrible, terrible axiom because the words we do use can harm people because they create different relationships. So how you talk does matter.The third thing I would simply say is that people need to be curious about communication. I signify one of the biggest problems people run into in organizations when they communicate is they think they know what the other person means. Many times we act on false assumptions. You need to get curious about what people are saying and ask questions like, well, what do you mean by that? and where do you think this is going to take us? and just a number of different questions to sieve out what it is that people are meaning because we come from different kinds of experiences, different backgrounds and we need to really understand what a person means by the words that they use.24. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN vocal AND WRITTEN COMMUNICATIONCommunication requires the commute of informations from one per son to another, and this kind of transfer of informations is dynamic. Writing is a static process of transfer of informations.The written language can be more precise. The choice of written words can be done with greater deliberation and thought. Writer can rewrite his text .The reader can read the text as he wishes. He can do it quickly, slowly or the reader can stop thinking in order to think about the informations that he has just read. The reader also has a possibility of re-reading the text.Speeches should be precise. There needs to be a lot of preparations and compresion for oral communication to be precise. When a word is once spoken it cant be retracted. The speaker can only apoligize for a mistake. One can read from a written text and can achieve with it the aforementioned(prenominal) degree of verbal precision as written communication. In most cases audience finds speech-reading uninteresting and boring. Oral communication is considered to be effective in expressing meani ng to an audience. During the speech a few signals are acquirable to a speaker gestures, intonation,ninflection, volume, pitch, pauses, movement, visual cues as appearenceThe speaker has more control over the informations that the listener will hear than the writer has over what the reader will read.Reading an audience is a systematic and additive endeavor unavailable to the writer. As one speaks, the audience provides its own visual cues about whether it is finding the joust coherent, comprehensible, or interesting. Speakers should avoid focusing on single individuals within an audience. 5. COMMUNICATION COMPETENCEThe idea of communicative competency was introduced by dell Hymes in the late 1960s. Children grow up in the midst of verbal interactions in which they need to pay attention not only to grammatical form (the order of words and their inflection) but also to the implications, for themselves and other participants, of what is said. To the extent to which linguistic rese arch is concerned with the association between forms and meanings, it should recognize that any linguistic expression is associated with and lots reproduces a focalize of attitudes, values, and beliefs about the world. To be a smooth speaker means to be able to recognize and exploit such attitudes, values and beliefs. Furthermore, language is often only one of the codes used for communication. Speakers complement, refine, and sometimes neutralize or even contradict the meaning of words they use by relying on gestures and eye gaze, and by the use of tools and other material resources around them. The notion of communicative competence was also meant to encourage the study of different codes and modes of communicating within and across situations. Although the term competence echoes Chomskys use of the same word, the addition of the adjective communicative broadens the object of inquiry. Furthermore, part Chomskys notion of competence refers to an abstract set of (typically uncon scious) rules-based on an innate language faculty and independent of actual usage-Hymes notion of competence refers to the knowledge necessary for adequately communicating in real life situations. Hence the attention to what speakers in truth do with language that is implicit in the notion of communicative competence is not only a methodological but also a theoretical concern. That is, it not only furnishs us to start from what people do with language in order to infer what they need to know, but alsorecognizes that knowledge of language is gained from community in actual communicative events, implying the simultaneous reliance on a number of semiotic resources and the quislingism of other participants. In this sense, Hymes notion of competence is not separate from the notion of performance the use of language as it is in Chompskys model.The introduction of the notion of communicative competence was consistent with Hymes earlier call for a new interdisciplinary field, the etnogra phy of communication (sometimes called the etnography of speaking). This field is dedicated to the empirical study of patterns of speaking in different communities around the world. Theoretically, it draw from a number of traditions, most notably Roman JakobsonS functionalism as represented in his speech event model, from which Hymes derived his notion of communicative event, which is a unit of analysis conceived for the study of communicative competence. In This framework, speaker competence is no longer defined exclusively in terms of their knowledge of grammatical rules, but is also defined in terms of the range of communicative events in which they can participate. such(prenominal) a range defines persons repertoire within a given community.6. MOST USUAL MISTAKES IN ORAL COMMUNICATIONCommuincators in the process of communication are influenced by several inputs and a deficiency in the quality of any of these inputs can prevent successful communication. According to Adler and Rod man(2006), communicators personal and affable background, perception of self and others and verbal and non-verbal language skills are the main inputs influencing the process of communication. Communicators personal background factors such as age, motivation, literacy, and social class make the language learning experience of all individuals unique.3There are a few factors which can affect oral communicationLanguage difficultiesThe use of jargonAccentPhysical considerateness affecting speach or hearingEnvironmental conditionGrammar problemsIf the persons dont speak the same language fluently, normal conversation is hard to expect. Evidently they will have troubles in understanding each other. Here are a few english words whic are most commonly misspronouncedArchipelagoArcticAccessoryAthlete outlookChaosClothesDilateHeightHeinousHierarchyIllinoisInterpretMiniature mischievous eastern United StatesOld-fashionedPicture precipitationDrownedPreventivePronunciationProstateJewelryLibraryM edievelAccent is also one of the factors that can strongly affect the communication between people.If two persons have different accents their communication may not be succesful. Their differences in speach may create misunderstandings.Physical condition affecting speach or hearing is one of the important factors that can influence normal communicaton. If persons who are communicating have a speech or hearing impairment the way that they communicate may have to be adapted.One of the factors by which oral communication is affected is enviromental condition.If persons are communicating in noisy conditions there capability be the possibility that one of them miss the important information. In this conditions normal communication is very hard to achieve.Jargon is one of the factors that can affect communication. Especially in working situations people use words and phrases that mean something to them and their colleagues in their workplace or industry but which could be a foreign langu age to others.Grammar problem is important factor which affects communication. If people lack knowledge of grammar it is hard for them to create sentence, and it is hard to have normal communication in this conditions. There are few most common mistakes that people normally make. Here are the examples of a few gramaticaly incorrect sentencesThe man which works here is from Brazil.Ana is married with a doctor.John must to call Isabel immadiately.Although it was snowing,but we had a good time.I like very much chocolate.He can to walk.Where I can find this person? (Where can I find this person?)I have been here since five months.The room is not enough big. (The room is not big enough.)There is nine boys in the bus.We didnt see nobody.He leaves in 600 am.Do you like a cup of coffee?Nick should not to drink alcohol7. IMPROVEMENT OF ORALCOMMUNICATIONNo matter how good one knows the language, during the oral communication people make mistakes. These mistakes happen from different reasons. Even though oral communication is an effective way of receiving your message across to your listeners, it can also create misunderstanding, misinterpretation and confusion. This happens because each person has his own way of interpreting even when you speak the same language as your listener.There are a few ways to avoid this problems and to better oral communication.One of the ways to improve oral communication is reading (books and other scriptures). If the person wants to avoid the problem of misunderstanding then it would be good to use simple words that can be clearly understood.Also in order to improve oral skills it is recomandable for a person to be a good listener, because effective communication includes speaking and active agent listening. If a person listens carefully , what the speaker is talking about, he improves his understanding.If a person wants his listeneres to understand the message it is good to tella story, joke or read a quote. Jokes usually help people to r elax, and in that way their mind will be more open to listen to a speaker. The way in which the story is told can affect the thinking of the listeners.Asking the right questions is also helpful in order to improve communication.A Why questions gives a person a lot of reasons, excuses, understanding and explanations. How questions set someones brain thinking for a solution, useful information and a strategy.By asking questions one can create a positive debate and interaction that will benefit all involved.If a speaker wants his speech to be good he should think and prepare before he speaks..Misunderstanding can occur if a speaker exppresses himself without thinking and allows his emotions to take over. It is good for a speaker to create thoughts in his mind first and then to tell them aloud.Communication can be considered effective if a speaker reduces the use of verbal pauses.If a speaker often stops his sentence and adds ah, um, well it can be very irritating to his listeners. To s olve this problemm its good for a speaker to record his own voice and in that way he will be aware of all the mistakes he does during the speech. In this we way the speaker can improve his style of speaking.To have an effective commnication speaker should use words and phrases with care. Speaker shouldnt allow himself that people assume what he is trying to say.Speaker should speak with specifity, and words like never, ever, all, or constantly need to be avoided.One of the characteristics that speaker should posses is honesty, because if the speaker is promising something to people that is not possible it will break down any trust that the speaker has developed.It is also recomandable for a speaker to relax while speaking. It is important that one doesnt speak in hurry, because that could create impresion that the speaker is confused. Eye contact is also important. If the speaker is facing a crowd he shouldnt look at one person for more than 5 seconds.8.CONCLUSIONFrom this paper we could learn the most common mistakes people do during oral communication.Most people think that communication is about transferring informations clearly. Regardless of the context, of who youre talking to and of the situation, you need to be clear in your communication. I think thats a misperception because there are times at which being ambiguous can be very effective in your communication. I think one of the reasons that this is a misperception-that we need to be clear-is that our dominant way of thinking about communication is that its about getting your point across, or what some people call transferring information.I think we need to think about communication differently and change the perception of what communication is, that communication is about creating relationships, whether thats creating romantic relationships, whether thats creating relationships in a team, in the workplace, say between an employee and his or her boss, or whether thats creating relationships among nat ions or countries. It is good to think about communication as a process of creating relationship. So how we communicate creates different things. I think one of the biggest misperceptions is thinking that clear communication is good communication. And I think the reason we think that is because we have a model of communication that says that communication is about transferring information. I think that misperception goes away if we change our perception to one in which communication creates relationships.