Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Forensic Science Essay -- Forensics essays research papers
Forensic Science, also known as Forensics, is the application of attainment to fair play. It uses highly developed technology to uncover scientificevidence in a variety of fields. Modern forensic science has a broad sphere of applications. It is used in civil cases such as forgeries, fraud or negligence.The most common use of forensic science is to investigate criminal casesinvolving a victim, such as assault, robbery, kidnapping , rape, or murder. Forensic science is also used in monitoring the compliance of variouscountries with such international agreements as the Nuclear Non-ProliferationTreaty and the Chemical Weapons Convention and to learn whether a countryis developing a secret nuclear weapons program. It can help law enforcementofficials determine whether any laws or regulations have been violated in themarketing of foods and drinks, the manufacture of medicines, or the use ofpesticides on crops. It can also determine whether drunkenness water meets legalpurity requireme nts. The checkup examiner is the most important individual in aninvestigation of a crime involving a victim. It is the responsibility of the medical checkup examination examiner to visit the crime scene, conduct an autopsy (examinationof the body) in cases of death, examine the medical evidence and lab reports,study the victims history, and put each the information together in a report to beturned in to the district attorney.Medical examiners are usually physicians specializing in forensicpathology, the study of structural and structural changes in the body as aresult of injury. Their training and qualifications most often include a medicaldegree and an apprenticeship in a medical examiners office.In the field of forensic science, there are many subspecialties. Theyinclude odontology (the study of teeth), anthropology(the study of humanbeings), psychiatry, biology, chemistry, physics, toxicology (the study ofpoisons), and pathology (the examination of body tissues and fluids). Themedical examiner may call upon forensic scientists who are specialized inthese fields for help in a crime investigation.Toxicology is a branch of forensic science that deals with the adverseeffects of drugs and poisonous chemicals found in the home, at work or in theenvironment. All drugs have toxic effect moreover the effect is most often minor.The toxic effect of drugs... ...d, communities began requiring that coroners have specific academictraining. In 1877, Massachusetts replaced the coroners office with the Officeof the Medical Examiner, which was to be headed by a physician. Soon manyother states followed. In 1915 New York City established a program wherethe medical examiner was authorized to investigate all deaths that occurred topeople who appeared to be in good health, that resulted from criminalviolence, accidents, or suicides.Computer technology now allows law enforcement officers o recordfingerprints digitally and to transmit and touch information for quickidentif ication. Recent developments in technology allows scientists o examinethe deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or genetic material of blood, hair, skin, orsemen to see if they pass away to the victim or the suspected criminal. Usingpolymerase chain reaction (PCR), a lab can clone the DNA from a very small hear of one of those substances.Forensic science as practiced today is a field of science medicine that useselectron microscopes, lasers, ultraviolet and infrared light, advanced chemical techniques and computerized databanks to analyze and research evidence.